Chair Squat: Older adult exercise to improve mobility

Chair squats are a great exercise for building strength in the legs and improving overall lower-body fitness. They are particularly useful for older adults or individuals with mobility issues, as they provide a stable base of support.

How to perform chair squats

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Equipment Needed:

  • A sturdy chair with a backrest, preferably without wheels or one that won’t slide.


  1. Setup: Begin by standing in front of the chair with your feet hip-width apart. Make sure the chair is placed behind you so that you can comfortably reach it with your arms extended in front.
  2. Posture: Maintain good posture throughout the exercise. Keep your chest up, shoulders back, and your gaze straight ahead.
  3. Movement: To perform the squat:a. Extend your arms forward for balance. You can also place your hands on your hips or chest if that feels more comfortable.

    b. Slowly bend your knees and hips, as if you were going to sit down in the chair. Imagine that you’re lowering yourself into the seat.

    c. Lower your body until your buttocks gently touch the chair, or until your thighs are parallel to the ground if you can manage it. Keep your knees aligned with your feet and ensure they don’t go beyond your toes.

  4. Stand Up: Push through your heels to stand back up, straightening your knees and hips. Make sure to engage your leg muscles as you rise.
  5. Repetitions: Perform the desired number of repetitions. Start with a few reps and gradually work your way up as you become more comfortable and stronger.
  6. Breathing: Inhale as you lower yourself into the squat and exhale as you stand up.

Benefits of chair squats

  1. Strengthens Leg Muscles: Chair squats target the muscles of the lower body, including the quadriceps (front thigh muscles), hamstrings (back thigh muscles), and glutes (buttocks). Strengthening these muscles can improve mobility and make daily activities like standing up from a chair or climbing stairs easier.
  2. Improves Balance: Chair squats require you to maintain balance as you lower yourself down and stand back up. This helps improve balance and stability, reducing the risk of falls, which is especially important for older adults.
  3. Enhances Functional Fitness: The ability to sit and stand comfortably is essential for daily living. Chair squats mimic these movements, making them a functional exercise that directly benefits daily activities.
  4. Low Impact: Chair squats are a low-impact exercise, meaning they are gentle on the joints. This makes them suitable for individuals with arthritis or joint pain who may find high-impact exercises uncomfortable.
  5. Boosts Confidence: As individuals improve their strength and balance through chair squats, they often gain confidence in their physical abilities. This confidence can lead to a more active lifestyle and a greater sense of independence.
  6. Promotes Bone Health: Weight-bearing exercises like chair squats can help maintain and improve bone density, which is important for preventing osteoporosis and reducing the risk of fractures.
  7. Accessible Exercise: Chair squats can be adapted to various fitness levels. Beginners can use the chair as a support to make the exercise easier, while more advanced individuals can perform squats without relying on the chair.
  8. Convenient and No Equipment Required: Chair squats can be done in the comfort of your home or anywhere you have access to a sturdy chair. You don’t need any special equipment, making them a convenient exercise option.
  9. Encourages Proper Posture: Performing chair squats with proper form encourages good posture by keeping the chest up and the back straight. This can help alleviate back pain and improve overall posture.
  10. Cardiovascular Benefits: Repeating chair squats in a controlled manner can elevate the heart rate slightly, providing mild cardiovascular benefits.


  • Focus on controlled movements and proper form rather than speed.
  • If you have difficulty with balance or strength, you can use the chair for support while squatting and gradually work towards squatting without it.
  • Don’t use your arms to pull yourself up from the chair; use your leg muscles to stand.
  • If you experience pain or discomfort during the exercise, stop immediately and consult with a healthcare professional.

Chair squats can be a valuable addition to an exercise routine for seniors or individuals with limited mobility. They help strengthen the quadriceps, hamstrings, and glutes, improve balance, and make daily activities such as getting in and out of chairs easier.

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