Diabetes management: How lifestyle, daily routine affect blood sugar
Diabetes management requires awareness. Know what makes your blood sugar level rise and fall — and how to control these day-to-day factors.
Keeping your blood sugar levels within the range recommended by your doctor can be challenging. That’s because many things make your blood sugar levels change, sometimes unexpectedly. Following are some factors that can affect your blood sugar levels.This Plant Can Help You Fight Diabetes and Atherosclerosis.
Insulin therapy is often an important part of diabetes treatment. Understand the key role insulin plays in managing your blood sugar and preventing diabetes complications.
The role of insulin in the body
It may be easier to understand the importance of insulin therapy if you understand how this naturally occurring hormone usually works in the body and what happens if you have diabetes.
If you don’t have diabetes, insulin helps:
- Regulate blood sugar levels. After you eat, carbohydrates break down into glucose, a sugar that is the body’s primary source of energy. Glucose then enters the bloodstream. The pancreas responds by producing insulin, which allows glucose to enter the body’s cells to provide energy.
- Store excess glucose for energy. After you eat — when insulin levels are high — excess glucose is stored in the liver in the form of glycogen. Between meals — when insulin levels are low — the liver releases glycogen into the bloodstream in the form of glucose. This keeps blood sugar levels within a narrow range.
you have diabetes:
Your glucose levels will continue to rise after you eat because there’s not enough insulin to move the glucose into your body’s cells. People with type 2 diabetes don’t use insulin efficiently (insulin resistance) and don’t produce enough insulin (insulin deficiency). People with type 1 diabetes make little or no insulin.
Untreated, high blood glucose can eventually lead to complications such as blindness, nerve damage and kidney damage.
Goals of insulin therapy
If you have type 1 diabetes, insulin therapy is vital for replacing the insulin your body doesn’t produce. Sometimes, people with type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes need insulin therapy if other treatments haven’t been able to keep blood glucose levels within the desired range. Insulin therapy helps prevent diabetes complications by keeping your blood sugar within your target range.
Eat a healthy diet
Choose to eat more whole fruits and vegetables, more whole grains and lean proteins. Get your fats from healthy sources like avocados, nuts and olive oil. Get more high-quality proteins from eggs, beans and unsweetened yogurt. Your body needs fats, carbs and proteins to function, so make sure you choose the healthiest forms! Avoid refined carbohydrates and hidden sugars. Eat whole fruits rather than drinking juice. Check food labels for hidden sugars in the ingredients list.
Losing just five to 10 percent of your body weight can help control your blood sugar, reduce your cholesterol level and lower your blood pressure. This will help reduce the risk of developing complications like heart disease and will keep you healthy.
Exercising 30 minutes a day can reduce blood sugar levels, decrease insulin resistance and help regulate your blood pressure and cholesterol levels. If you can find 60 minutes per day to exercise, it can help you lose weight.https://www.verywellhealth.com/diabetic-neuropathy-treatment-6362011
Make a commitment to exercising regularly by finding a partner
It’s more fun to walk, bike or run when someone is encouraging you! You can also find new and interesting ways to meet and beat your step goals during the day. Parking farther away, taking the stairs and walking at lunch are all great ways to add steps to your fitness tracker.
Test your blood sugar
By testing your blood sugar regularly, you will begin to see patterns. Do certain activities lower your blood sugar? Will eating certain foods raise it? These patterns can help you plan your meals and activities so you can keep your blood sugar levels in check.
Get enough quality sleep
Getting less than six hours of quality sleep every night can disrupt the balance of insulin and blood sugar. If you are not getting good, restful sleep, try avoiding alcohol, caffeine and spicy foods at night. You could also try lowering the temperature of your bedroom at night. Make your bedroom as dark and quiet as possible. Lastly, establish a sleep routine by going to bed and rising at the same time every day.
If these solutions don’t work, talk to your doctor about sleep apnea. Many people with Type 2 diabetes have this condition, and it can be treated with a CPAP machine at night.
Getting regular checkups
Many complications of diabetes are “silent” and present no symptoms. Regular blood work to check cholesterol and kidney function will help your doctor see problems in the early stages.